Music (MUSIC)

MUSIC 1A  (C-ID MUS 120)         3 units  
Music Theory I  
54 hours lecture  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 6.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course covers the following topics through analysis and application of compositional practices of pieces from the common-practice period: diatonic harmony through four-part writing and roman numeral analysis, including the use of figured bass and early-species counterpoint, 7th chords, and the basic elements of form.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 1B  (C-ID MUS 130)         3 units  
Music Theory II  
54 hours lecture  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 1A.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course covers the following topics through analysis and application of compositional practices of pieces from the common-practice period: chromatic harmony through four-part writing and roman numeral analysis, including applied functions, modulation, mixture, Neapolitan chords, Augmented 6th chords, and small forms.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 2A  (C-ID MUS 140)         3 units  
Music Theory III  
54 hours lecture  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 1B.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course covers the following topics through analysis and application of compositional practices of pieces from the common-practice period, and early-mid 20th Century: enharmonic spellings and modulations, extended and advanced chromatic and altered chords, advanced chromatic sequences, alternate scales, advanced rhythmic techniques, and post-tonal techniques.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 5  (C-ID MUS 125)         1 units  
Musicianship I  
54 hours laboratory  
Corequisite: MUSIC 6 and MUSIC 92AD.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 5AD. This course covers the techniques of music dictation and sight-singing with basic, tonal materials. Topics covered are scales, intervals, basic chord structures, and harmonic-melodic-rhythmic dictation.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 6  (C-ID MUS 110)         3 units  
Introduction to Music Theory  
54 hours lecture  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course is a complete introduction to music fundamentals and basic musicianship. Traditional topics are covered such as notation, meter, scales, intervals, triads, and chords. This class is designed for both music majors and non-music majors.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 7        2.5 units  
Elementary Voice  
36 hours lecture, 36 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 7AB. Elementary Voice is a performance class designed to improve singers of all ages and talent levels. Students will learn correct techniques in tone production, breathing, diction, repertoire and song interpretation. The students will also be able to develop their self confidence through class performance.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 8AD        2.5 units  
Advanced Voice  
36 hours lecture, 36 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: MUSIC 7AB.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Advanced voice is a performance class designed to improve vocal techniques of the more accomplished singer. Students will be able to perform standard repertoire from classical literature which includes art songs and arias in English, German, French and Italian as well as vocal selections from Musical Theater. Students will be able to work with a professional accompanist, improve their vocal and musical technique and receive written critiques by the instructor.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 9  (C-ID MUS 135)         1 units  
Musicianship II  
54 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 5.  
Corequisite: MUSIC 1A.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 9AD. This course covers the techniques of musical dictation and sight-singing with intermediate, diatonic tonal materials. Topics covered are intermediate scales, intervals, chord structures, and harmonic-melodic-rhythmic dictation.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 10  (C-ID MUS 145)         1 units  
Musicianship III  
54 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 9.  
Corequisite: MUSIC 1B.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 10AD. This course covers the techniques of musical dictation and sight-singing with intermediate and semi-advanced, diatonic and chromatic tonal materials. Topics covered are advanced scales, intervals, chord structures, and harmonic-melodic-rhythmic dictation.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 11AD  (C-ID MUS 180)         1.5 units  
Long Beach City College Viking Chorale  
90 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course is a large choral ensemble that includes the study and performance of the classical choral repertoire from all historical musical periods. Attendance at all rehearsals and performances is mandatory. It is advisable that participating students have some previous choral experience, though it is not required. Auditions to be placed in the appropriate vocal section of the choir (soprano, alto, tenor, or bass) will occur during the first class meeting or as scheduled in the schedule of classes.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 12AD  (C-ID MUS 180)         1.5 units  
Long Beach City College Viking Singers  
90 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This choir is a smaller, select ensemble with performances throughout the year. All periods and styles of choral music, especially classical chamber literature, are performed.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 13AD  (C-ID MUS 180)         1.5 units  
College Symphony Orchestra  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior instrumental/Orchestral experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course is a study of orchestral techniques through reading, rehearsal and performance of standard literature. Participation in performances is required.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 14AD        1.5 units  
Orchestra  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course is a study of orchestral techniques through reading, rehearsal, and performance of orchestral repertoire.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 15AD        1.5 units  
Chamber Orchestra  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior Instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This is a course that consists of reading, study and performance of standard repertoire for the small/chamber orchestra.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 16  (C-ID MUS 155)         1 units  
Musicianship IV  
54 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 10.  
Corequisite: MUSIC 2A.  
Grading: letter grade.  

Formerly MUSIC 16AD. This course covers the techniques of musical dictation and sight-singing with advanced, chromatic tonal and atonal materials. Topics covered are advanced scales, intervals, chord structures, and harmonic-melodic-rhythmic dictation.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 17A        0.5 units  
Advanced Applied Vocal & Instrumental Music  
36 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: At least 2 semesters of MUSIC 92AD and performing audition before the program faculty.  
Corequisite: MUSIC 11AD or 14AD or 46AD and MUSIC 6 or 1A or 1B or 2A and MUSIC 5 or 9 or 10 or 16.  
Recommended Preparation: Prior vocal or instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade.  

Formerly MUSIC 17. This course continues the skills and outcomes of Music 92AD in preparation for advanced repertoire and techniques in performance, and also serves as major preparation for the transfer audition. This also serves as the final preparation for a sophomore recital.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 18        2 units  
Techniques of Jazz & Commercial Vocalist  
36 hours lecture, 18 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: MUSIC 7AB or MUSIC 29 or MUSIC 43.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course covers intermediate level performance techniques and communication skills appropriate for singing various styles of jazz, commercial, and popular music. Focus will continue to be on healthy vocal technique, established jazz/commercial singers, traditions, repertoire selections, phrasing, improvisation, band-leading, and basic lead sheet arrangements. Students will work with a professional accompanist and receive critiques from the instructor.

Transferable to CSU Only  
MUSIC 19        2.5 units  
Beginning Instruments  
36 hours lecture, 36 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 19AD. Beginning instruments entails instruction in the elementary and intermediate principles of playing woodwind, brass and percussion instruments. This class is not designed for the study of the student's major instrument, but for students who want to learn a new instrument. Reading music is not a requirement, and will be taught in the class.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 20        1.5 units  
LBCC Southland Chorale  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior vocal experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 20AD. The Southland Chorale will study and perform choral music of all historical musical periods. Singers will perform repertoire including a'capella, orchestra choral works, secular and sacred, light opera and musical theatre. The Southland Chorale involves participation in all concerts and performances.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 23AD  (C-ID MUS 180)         1.5 units  
Jazz Choir  
90 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course involves the study and performance of the standard large ensemble jazz repertoire from all historical jazz musical periods. Attendance at all rehearsals and performances is mandatory. Vocal placement will occur during the first class meeting or as scheduled in the schedule of classes.

Transferable to CSU Only  
MUSIC 24AD  (C-ID MUS 180)         1.5 units  
Vocal Jazz Ensembles  
90 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course will focus on small vocal/chamber Jazz repertoire with performances. All periods and styles of vocal Jazz ensemble music will be covered and performed as it pertains to small vocal/chamber Jazz ensembles. Attendance at all rehearsals and performances is mandatory. Audition to qualify for enrollment will occur during the first class meeting or as scheduled in the schedule of classes.

Transferable to CSU Only  
MUSIC 25AD        1.5 units  
Chamber Music Ensemble  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior vocal or instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course includes the study and performance of music for chamber ensembles including: brass ensemble, woodwind ensemble, string ensemble, and guitar ensemble. The repertoire performed is mainly classical in nature, but may include contemporary compositions and popular arrangements.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 28AD        1.5 units  
Percussion Ensemble  
90 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Students will learn various skills and techniques for playing snare drum and various other percussion instruments. Music reading, drum rudiments, percussion techniques, and musicianship are emphasized. Students will perform in small and large percussion ensembles. Students must provide their own sticks and practice pad.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 29        2 units  
Jazz and Commercial Theory  
36 hours lecture  
Grading: letter grade.  

This course covers the following topics through analysis and application of common jazz practices: chord symbols and nomenclature, extended harmony, scales and modes, voicings, bass lines, form, and chord substitutions. This course is for musicians who already possess a basic understanding of music theory (staff notation, keys, scales, intervals).

Transferable to CSU Only  
MUSIC 30A        3 units  
Music History: Antiquity to 1750  
54 hours lecture  
Recommended Preparation: ENGL 105 or ESL 34X or qualify for ENGL 1 through the assessment process.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course is a survey of music history and literature from antiquity to 1750, including cultural, intellectual and social influences. This course provides an in-depth examination of the development of Western European music through analysis and synthesizing of historical details and stylistic elements of the musical trends of the era. This course is offered in the fall semester only.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 30B        3 units  
Music History: 1750-Present  
54 hours lecture  
Recommended Preparation: ENGL 105 or ESL 34X or qualify for ENGL 1 through the assessment process.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course is a survey of music history and literature from 1750 to the present, including cultural, intellectual and social influences. This course provides an in-depth examination of the development of Western European music through analysis and synthesizing of historical details and stylistic elements of the musical trends of the era. This course is offered in the spring semester only.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 32        3 units  
History of Jazz  
54 hours lecture  
Grading: letter grade.  

This course traces the development of the jazz tradition from its multicultural roots into styles like blues, ragtime, swing, bebop, and post-bop. This course also focuses on the development of jazz music alongside the critical, cultural, and social issues associated with black society and American history.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 33B        3 units  
Intercultural Music  
54 hours lecture  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course is a survey of various types of music from Latin America and the Caribbean. Students will learn to recognize numerous styles of music through rhythmic patterns, as well as the historical, geographic, and political dimensions of the genres, with emphasis on the contribution of African and European music on Latin styles.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 35        3 units  
Music of Multicultural America  
54 hours lecture  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course is a comparative and integrative study of the multicultural musical styles of the United States, based on the fundamental principles of music appreciation. This class will feature the music histories and progression of Native Americans, European Americans, African Americans, Chicano/Latino Americans, Pacific Islanders, Asian Americans and Middle Eastern Americans. Students will gain the knowledge and skills necessary to understand and interpret analyses of musical traditions from technical and cultural perspectives. Students will progress through the sequential development of listening and descriptive skills with a variety of media including films, recordings, hands-on performance activities, and computer-assisted instruction.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 38AD  (C-ID MUS 180)         1.5 units  
Wind Ensemble  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course involves the study and performance of music composed for winds and percussion instruments, usually with one player per part. The musical literature represented includes all contemporary wind ensemble music as well as classical arrangements and transcriptions. The wind ensemble typically performs at least two concerts per semester.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 40  (C-ID MUS 100)         3 units  
Appreciation of Music  
54 hours lecture  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course serves as a broad approach to musical literature and its place in the cultural development of western civilization. It is designed for the non-music major.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 40H  (C-ID MUS 100)         3 units  
Honors Appreciation of Music  
54 hours lecture  
Prerequisite: Qualification for the Honors Program.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course serves as a broad approach to musical literature and its place in the cultural development of western civilization. The course is designed for non-music majors.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 41AD        1.5 units  
Madrigal A'Capella Choir  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior vocal experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This choir provides the study of vocal techniques and music reading through performance of a capella choral literature. Participation in several performances each semester is required.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 43        1 units  
Jazz Improvisation Techniques  
54 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 6.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course covers basic techniques in Jazz improvisation, beginning with simple question and answer phrases and progressing to extended solos. The course will study standard instrumental and vocal jazz repertoire and students will learn detailed and applied knowledge of standard chord progressions.

Transferable to CSU Only  
MUSIC 44        1 units  
The Evening Jazz Choir  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior vocal experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 44AD. Jazz standards and pop classics are studied and performed in a choral setting (Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass), emphasizing the musical styles characteristic of this genre. The choir is comprised of people within the community who usually work full-time in a non-related occupation and can rehearse and perform during the evening.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 46AD        1.5 units  
College Symphonic Band  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This is a performance organization dedicated to the production of a wide variety of musical literature for a symphonic band. Instrumentation includes brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments. The symphonic band typically performs two times per semester. The musical literature represented includes both new symphonic band music as well as classical arrangements and transcriptions.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 47AD        1.5 units  
Wind Symphony  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

The Wind Symphony is a performance organization which seeks out, prepares and performs wind band literature from all periods and musical styles. While all repertoire is considered, the majority of music performed is somewhat more traditional in nature and tends to be focused more on mainstream 20th century literature composed and transcribed for wind instruments. The instrumentation of the wind ensemble includes woodwinds, brass, and percussion. The ensemble will traditionally have two concerts a semester as well as go on a tour in the spring. Other concert opportunities may also arise.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 49AD        1.5 units  
Viking Show Band  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

The Viking Show Band will perform for all home football and basketball games as well as pep rallies, performances on campus, and at a variety of special activities in and around the Long Beach community. While all repertoires are considered, the majority of music performed is popular in nature such as pop, rock, jazz, swing, and funk. The instrumentation of the Viking Show Band includes woodwinds and brass instruments that are found in a marching as well as electric guitar, electric bass, drum set, auxiliary percussion and vocalists.

Transferable to CSU Only  
MUSIC 51A        1.5 units  
Beginning Piano 1  
18 hours lecture, 36 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade.  

This course is an introduction to beginning keyboard skills. It includes basic technique, major and minor five finger patterns, major scales, sight reading and basic chord progressions, as they are encountered in beginning piano music. This course is the first in a sequence to fulfill keyboard skills for music majors.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 51B        1.5 units  
Beginning Piano 2  
18 hours lecture, 36 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 51A.  
Grading: letter grade.  

In this course students refine and further develop beginning keyboard skills. This includes piano technique, major scales and arpeggios, sight-reading, chord progressions and harmonization skills, as encountered in upper-beginning/early intermediate piano music.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 51C        1.5 units  
Intermediate Piano I  
18 hours lecture, 36 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 51B.  
Grading: letter grade.  

This course will allow students to refine and develop beginning keyboard skills. Piano technique, major and minor scales and arpeggios, sight-reading, expanded chord progressions and harmonization skills are encountered in intermediate piano music.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 51D        1.5 units  
Intermediate Piano II  
18 hours lecture, 36 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 51C.  
Grading: letter grade.  

This course will allow students to refine and develop intermediate keyboard skills. Piano technique, harmonization techniques, ensemble skills, and stylistic considerations are encountered in upper-intermediate piano repertoire.

Transferable to CSU Only  
MUSIC 54AD  (C-ID MUS 180)         1.5 units  
Jazz Big Band  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior Instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade.  

This course involves the study and performance of jazz ensemble music. The Jazz Ensemble rehearses and performs music ranging from the classic big band repertoire to contemporary and cutting-edge concert jazz music by today's leading jazz composers. Typically two concert performances are required each semester. Audition to qualify for enrollment will occur during the first class meeting or as scheduled in the schedule of classes.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 55        1.5 units  
Beginning Guitar  
18 hours lecture, 36 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade.  

Formerly MUSIC 55AD. This course provides beginning instruction in the guitar, using a classical approach to basic technique, musicianship, and repertoire.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 56        1.5 units  
Intermediate Guitar  
18 hours lecture, 36 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: MUSIC 55.  
Grading: letter grade.  

Formerly MUSIC 56AD. This course provides intermediate/advanced instruction in the guitar, using a classical approach to advanced technique, musicianship, ensemble work, and repertoire.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 57AD  (C-ID MUS 180)         1.5 units  
Jazz Combos  
90 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

The students in this course will perform original jazz classics, American songbook standards, and new compositions. Jazz combos consist of a rhythm section (bass, drums, piano or guitar) and one to four other instruments. Students perform one or two times each semester. Audition to qualify for enrollment will occur during the first class meeting or as scheduled in the schedule of classes.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 58        1.5 units  
College Philharmonia  
90 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior successful orchestral experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 58AD. This course involves the study and performance of the orchestral repertoire and works by contemporary composers. It emphasizes ensemble techniques including articulation, balance, phrasing, expression and accompanying. Participation in two concerts per semester, at minimum, is required.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 89        3 units  
History of Rock  
54 hours lecture  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

The History of Rock Music will be treated as a chronological study. This allows for brief overviews of society in periods and then illustrates how the music of a particular period either supports or contradicts societal views. Although the main emphasis of study will be from 1955 to the present, brief attention will be given to sixteenth through twentieth century musical history and form as it relates to this period.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 91        2 units  
Special Studies  
18 hours lecture, 54 hours laboratory  
Recommended Preparation: Prior vocal or instrumental experience.  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 91AD. This course entails the directed study of special topics in music theory, composition, musicology, performance practice, organization and administration of instrumental or vocal ensembles, or commercial music activities. The purpose is to further explore in-depth application of skills and concepts used for transfer (such as audition or proficiency exams) or placement in an internship or job.

Transferable to CSU Only  
MUSIC 92AD  (C-ID MUS 160)         0.5 units  
Applied Vocal & Instrumental Music  
36 hours laboratory  
Prerequisite: Performance audition before the program faculty.  
Corequisite: MUSIC 11AD or 14AD or 46AD and MUSIC 6 or 1A or 1B or 2A and MUSIC 5 or 9 or 10 or 16.  
Grading: letter grade.  

This course is designed for music majors planning to transfer to a university music program. It includes individual and master class instruction on either a keyboard instrument, voice, guitar or any standard instrument of the band or orchestra. The course includes performance of representative music literature from various periods and composers. The level of proficiency is determined by faculty adjudication.

Transferable to both UC and CSU; see counselor for limitations  
MUSIC 200        2 units  
Introduction to Music Technology  
36 hours lecture, 18 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 71. This introductory course examines the terminology, equipment, techniques, and concepts related to the basics of music technology. The course will survey the principles and practices of sound, MIDI, synthesis, notation, and audio recording utilizing hardware and software platforms.

MUSIC 210        2 units  
Electronic and Acoustic Music Production  
36 hours lecture, 18 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course offers hands-on instruction for students that want to develop their skills producing beats, samples/loops, live acoustic instruments, analog and digital instruments, and more.

MUSIC 220        2 units  
Live Sound Techniques  
36 hours lecture, 18 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 68. This course is an overview of live concert and event sound reinforcement. Topics include basic sound system theory and its application. It also covers individual sound system component operation, including microphones, mixers, effects, power amplifiers, and speaker systems. This course offers opportunities for hands-on experiences in troubleshooting, sound checking, and mixing sound for live performance applications.

MUSIC 230        2 units  
Music Recording Techniques  
36 hours lecture, 18 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 96. This course offers hands-on instruction for beginners in the use of multi-track recording systems, emphasizing critical listening skills, and the development of a recording project.

MUSIC 240        3 units  
Music Industry and Entrepreneurship  
54 hours lecture  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

Formerly MUSIC 75A. This course covers the study of how the music industry is structured and how it works. Job opportunities, job responsibilities, and jobs related to the industry will be surveyed and discussed. Students are directed toward research in their areas of interest. Guest speakers serve as industry resources.

MUSIC 250        2 units  
Songwriting  
36 hours lecture, 18 hours laboratory  
Grading: letter grade or pass/no pass.  

This course is a study of contemporary songwriting principles and techniques. The course is designed to explore the use of state-of-the-art technology in the songwriting process and is appropriate for students who wish to pursue careers as songwriters, artists, producers and/or recording engineers. Students will be introduced to systematic analytical techniques that aid in the developmental skills related to the songwriting process.